Washington County, Tennessee People of Color, 1860 & 1870

Dublin Core


Washington County, Tennessee People of Color, 1860 & 1870


Tennessee; African Americans--Appalachian Region; African Americans--Southern States; African American heritage; African American slavery--Washington County; Slave Owners--Washington County; African American free people of color; African American families.


The following lists have been compiled in order to provide free and easy access to data regarding the population of people of color in Washington County, Tennessee in the years 1860 and 1870. Although Appalachia has long been considered a (nearly) exclusively white space in popular American imagination, just the opposite was, and is, true. Slavery was abolished in the United States in 1865, months following the close of the Civil War. Therefore, we have chosen to compile lists of Washington County’s population of color from the census published before and after 1865. Additionally, we have included a list of slaveholders from 1860, as well as the numbers of slaves these individuals claimed on slave schedules.
With this County's set of data, we were also able to provide some compilations and comparisons to named and listed enslaved people that were indicated on the regular 1860 census. This information allowed for broader data comparisons unavailable in other geographic areas.


Black in Appalachia


United States Census Bureau


1860 - 1870


Kathleen Kelley


Items can be used for private reflection and research, and not for commercial purposes.

Collection Items

Families of Color, Washington County, Tennessee: 1870
1870 United States Census Records of Black & Mulatto residents in Washington County, Tennessee.

Slave Schedule, Washington County, Tennessee: 1860
1860 United States Slave Schedule of Washington County, Tennessee.

Free People of Color, Washington County, Tennessee: 1860
1860 United States Census Records of Free People of Color in Washington County, Tennessee.

Compiled Data Sets, Washington County, Tennessee: 1860
Washington County, Tennessee's 1860 Compiled and comparative data sets including:
General Statistics of Free and Enslaved Populations
Enslaved Population Listed in Regular Census
Enslaved Population Listed on both Slave Schedule and Regular Census
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